CHOOSE YOUR LANGUAGE:
  • ENGLISH

  • 简体中文

  • 繁體中文

  • TIẾNG VIỆT

  • 한국어

GET MATERIALS IN THESE LANGUAGES:
  • မြန်မာ

  • ខ្មែរ

  • HMOOB

  • SOOMAALI

ENGLISH

MENU

TOP

THE VIRUS

Hepatitis B is the world’s most common liver infection

Hep B is a serious and potentially deadly liver infection, but treatments are available for some patients. It is caused by becoming infected with the hep B virus (HBV). It can cause serious liver problems like inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.

Liver With Hep B

In the U.S., chronic (long-term) hep B affects many people

Up to 2 Million infected in the U.S.
  • Approximately 257 million people are infected worldwide
  • In 2015 alone, an estimated 887,000 people died due to complications from hep B, including cirrhosis and liver cancer

People born in areas shaded in red have a higher risk* of hep B infection

People born in areas shaded in red have a higher risk of hep B infection

*Higher risk: 2% of population with hep B.

  • Most foreign-born people in the U.S. with chronic hepatitis B are from high-risk regions, including Asia and the Pacific Islands
  • Hep B is most common in the Western Pacific region and Africa. Over 6% of the adults in these areas are infected
  • Over 3% of the population in the Middle East is infected with hepatitis B
  • In Southeast Asia, approximately 2% of the general population has hepatitis B

DON’T WAIT If you or your parents were born in a higher risk area, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends getting tested for hep B.

In the U.S., chronic hep B most commonly affects people from Asia, the Pacific Islands, and parts of Africa

If left untreated, up to 1 in 4 people with chronic hep B develop liver problems such as cirrhosis and liver cancer
1 in 12 Asian Americans have chronic hep B If left untreated, up to 1 in 4 people with chronic hep B develop liver problems such as cirrhosis and liver cancer
Approximately 1 in 10 African-born people in the U.S. have chronic hep B Chronic hep B is a major cause of liver cancer, which is the #1 cause of death of men in Africa

CHRONIC HEP B

What happens if I get hep B?

  • When someone is first infected, it is called an ACUTE infection.
  • A person's body may fight off the infection.
  • However, if a person has had hepatitis B for more than 6 months, it’s called CHRONIC hepatitis B.

Hep B is sometimes called a “silent killer” because even if you don’t feel sick, the virus may be active and causing liver damage. However, chronic hep B can be managed.

Most people with chronic hep B have NO symptoms and feel healthy. However:

  • They can still infect others
  • They may already have liver damage
It is important to

talk to your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Jaundic (yellowish eyes & skin)

    Jaundice
    (yellowish eyes & skin)

  • Flu-like symptoms

    Flu-like
    symptoms

  • Nausea & vomiting

    Nausea
    & vomiting

  • Joint pain

    Joint pain

  • Upper right stomach pain

    Upper right
    stomach pain

  • Lack of appetite

    Lack of
    appetite

  • Tiredness

    Tiredness

  • Light-colored stools/Dark urine

    Light-colored stools/
    Dark urine

EFFECTS ON THE LIVER

The liver is a vital organ that you can’t live without

The liver is the largest organ inside the body

The liver is a vital organ that you can’t live without
  • Processes what you eat and drink into energy and nutrients
  • Fights off infection
  • Removes harmful chemicals from your blood
  • Makes substances that help digest food

Chronic hepatitis B can be slowly causing damage without your knowledge and may lead to:

  • Inflammation

  • Fibrosis

  • Cirrhosis

  • Liver Cancer

Healthy liver Inflamed liver Scarring of the liver Severe scarring that may affect the way your liver functions Chronic hep B is a major cause of liver cancer
  • 15-25% of people with chronic hep B may develop serious liver problems, including cirrhosis or liver cancer
  • Chronic hep B is a major cause of liver cancer
HOW THE VIRUS IS SPREAD

How do you get hep B?

The ONLY way to get the hepatitis B virus is from coming into contact with infected blood or bodily fluid.
  • You CAN
    get it

  • You CANNOT
    get it from

How the virus is spread How you CAN get hep B How you CANNOT get hep B
  • If you were born in a high-risk area, one of the most common ways to get hep B is if your mother had hep B when you were born
  • From infected blood after an injury, bite, or scratch
  • By exchanging bodily fluids during sex
  • By sharing unsterilized needles
    (including tattoo or body piercing tools)
  • Touching
  • Kissing
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Food, water, or air
  • Sharing cups and utensils